If you’re looking for the Top 10 Longest Rivers in The World, then you are at the right place. In this article, we will discuss the Top 10 Longest Rivers in The World.
Rivers can be roughly divided into inflow rivers and outflow rivers according to the place of injection. Since ancient times, rivers have been the main places where human beings live and reproduce. They are regarded as the source of life and the cradle of human civilization. The water volume of each river is different, some are rich in water, some are short of water, and rivers with abundant water give people a majestic feeling. This article will take stock of the top 10 longest rivers in the world, let’s take a look.
Top 10 Longest Rivers in The World
10. Congo River (4,640 Km)
The Congo River is the second longest river in Africa with a total length of 4,640 kilometers originating from the Sabah plateau of Zaire with extremely rich biological resources. The drainage area is about 3.7 million square kilometers. Because it flows through both sides of the equator, it receives the alternating supply of rich precipitation in the northern and southern hemispheres and has the characteristics of large water volume and small annual changes.
The annual average flow rate of the estuary is 41,000 cubic meters per second, and the maximum flow rate reaches 80,000 cubic meters per second. The estuary forms a deep drowning valley, and the river channel extends 150 kilometers to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean, forming a vast freshwater ocean outside the estuary
9. Parana de la Plata River (4,880 Km)
This river with a total length of about 4,880 kilometers is the second-largest river in South America after the Amazon River. After passing through Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia, and Uruguay, it will eventually flow into the Atlantic Ocean. The entire river basin is the most developed in Latin America. The area that distributes the economic centers of South America.
It has a total drainage area of 3.103 million square kilometers, an annual average flow of 25,370 cubic meters per second at the mouth of the sea, and an annual runoff of 800 billion cubic meters. The famous Itaipu Hydropower Station was built on this river.
8. Mekong River (4,900 Km)
The Mekong River is the largest river in Southeast Asia. Originating from the northeast slope of the Tanggula Mountains in China, it is called the “Lancang River” in China. It flows from north to south through China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam, and flows into the South China Sea.
It has a total length of 4,900 kilometers and a total basin area of 811,000 square kilometers, the Mekong River has an annual average human sea volume of 475 billion cubic meters and an average flow rate of 15,000 cubic meters per second at the estuary.
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7. Ob River (5,410 Km)
The Ob River is a world-renowned long river in the Arctic Ocean with a total length of about 5,410 kilometers and a drainage area of about 2.973 million square kilometers.
The Ob River is a major transportation artery that passes through the hinterland of Russia, where the natural environment and national character are very different.
Of the about 50 species of fish found in the Ob River or in the bay, the most economically valuable are several species of sturgeon and “whitefish”; pike, burbot, Siberian dyke, carp, and perch are also caught. However, the lack of oxygen in the water caused by the seasonal ice cover kills many fish every winter between the mouth of the Teme and the delta.
6. Yellow River (5,464 Km)
The Yellow River is the second longest river in China originating from the Yueguzonglie Basin on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with a total length of about 5,464 kilometers. According to the website of the Ministry of Water Resources, the total area of the river basin is about 795,000 square kilometers.
It flows through Qinghai, Sichuan, etc. from west to east. Nine provinces and autonomous regions eventually flow into the Bohai Sea in Dongying, Shandong.
5. Yenisei River (5,539 Km)
The Yenisei River is a river with a total length of about 5,539 kilometers. It originated from Mongolia and has the largest water volume in Russia. It is also the most abundant river in Siberia in northern Asia and finally flows into the Arctic Ocean.
The upper reaches are relative! turbulent, and the basin is sparsely populated. There are many flat permafrost and marsh wetlands in the middle and lower reaches.
4. Mississippi River (6,262 Km)
The Mississippi River is the fourth longest river in the world with a total length of 6,262 kilometers originating from Lake Itasca in the northern United States. It is also the largest river in the United States with a drainage area of 3.22 million square kilometers. It flows through 41% of the continental United States, covering Much of the eastern and central United States.
3. Yangtze River (6,300 Km)
The Yangtze River is a river with a total length of about 6,300 kilometers. It originates from the southwest of Geladandong Peak in the Tanggula Mountains on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The third longest river in the world and the longest river in Asia flows into the East China Sea from the east of Chongming Island.
There are three centers of origin of civilization in the Yangtze River Basin.
1. The middle reaches of the Yangtze River: This is the area where rice farming is the earliest known to date.
2. Lower reaches of the Yangtze River: From Majiabin Culture, Songze Culture to Liangzhu Culture, the development system here is very clear.
3. The upper reaches of the Yangtze River: are mainly in the Sichuan area. In the past, the Neolithic culture here was unclear. Recently, a series of city sites represented by Baodun Village in the Chengdu Plain were discovered. It is known that the cultural level there was at the end of the Neolithic Age. It has developed very high. Then came the Sanxingdui culture, and finally the Bashu culture. So, the system is also very clear.
2. Amazon River (6,440 Km)
The Amazon River is a river with a total length of 6,440 kilometers and the largest flow and drainage basin in the world. It is located in northern South America and has 15,000 tributaries. largest tropical rainforest.
It is estimated that about 20-25% of all the water that flows on the earth’s surface is in the Amazon River. The estuary is 240 kilometers wide, with a flow rate of 180,000 cubic meters per second during flooding, 10 times that of the Mississippi River.
The annual average flow rate of the estuary is 120,000 cubic meters per second. The amount of water released is so large that the seawater within 160 kilometers of the shore is desalinated.
1. Nile River (6,670 Km)
In the list of top 10 longest in the world, The Nile River is the longest river in the world, located in northeastern Africa from south to north, with a total length of 6,670 kilometers, and finally flows into the Mediterranean Sea. The White Nile River and the Blue Nile River are the two main tributaries of this river. Known as the largest three river systems in Africa.
The Nile is a river that runs through the northeastern part of the African continent. Originating from the Burundi plateau in central Africa, it flows through Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt, crosses the largest Sahara desert in the world, and finally flows into the Mediterranean Sea.
The Nile River Basin is one of the cradles of civilization in the world. The people in this area have created a splendid culture and made outstanding contributions to the long history of scientific development. A prominent example is ancient Egypt.
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