If you’re looking for the World’s Top Scientists, then you are at the right place. In this article, we will discuss the Top 10 Scientists in The World.
Since ancient times, our human society has never lacked scholars who are tirelessly pursuing knowledge. They have created priceless wealth for mankind with their own wisdom. The reason why mankind has come to today is largely driven by a group of scientists. Yes, today we will talk about the world’s top scientists.
Science has been subtly affecting the development of human beings. In the history of the world, countless great scientists have used their ingenuity to promote social development. Today, let’s take a look at the top 10 scientists in the world.
World’s Top Scientists – Top 10 Scientists in The World
10. Marie Curie
Marie Curie (Mary Curie, formerly known as Marie Skłodowska Curie, November 7, 1867 – July 4, 1934) Polish-French female physicist and radiation chemist, and her husband 1903 Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel shared the Nobel Prize in Physics.
In 1911, they the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their achievements in radiochemistry. Marie Curie was the first female scientist to win the Nobel Prize in Science and the first scientist to win the Nobel Prize in Science twice.
In the experimental research, Marie Curie designed a measuring instrument, which can not only detect whether there is radiation in a certain substance but also measure the intensity of the radiation. After repeated experiments, she found that the intensity of uranium rays is proportional to the amount of uranium in the substance, and has nothing to do with the state of uranium and the external conditions.
9. James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell, born in Edinburgh, Scotland, England from 1831 to 1879, was a British physicist and mathematician. He was the founder of classical electrodynamics and one of the founders of statistical physics. Maxwell is generally considered to be one of the most influential physicists in physics.
Without electromagnetism, there would be no modern electrical engineering, and there would be no modern civilization. His published “On Electricity and Magnetism” is also regarded as the most important physics classic after Newton’s “Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy”.
8. Charles Robert Darwin
Charles Robert Darwin, 1809-1882, a British biologist and the founder of the theory of evolution, put forward the theory of biological evolution, thus destroying all kinds of idealistic theories of creation and invariance of species.
In addition to biology, his theories have an impact that cannot be ignored on the development of anthropology, psychology, and philosophy. Engels listed “evolution” as one of the three major discoveries of natural science in the 19th century.
7. Satyendra Nath Bose
Satyendra Nath Bose (January 1, 1894 – February 4, 1974) was an Indian physicist specializing in mathematical physics. He is best known for his work on quantum physics in the early 1920s, which provided the basis for Bose-Einstein statistics and Bose-Einstein condensate theory. The boson is named after him.
Although more than one Nobel Prize has been awarded for work related to the concept of bosons, Bose-Einstein statistics, and Bose-Einstein condensates. The most recent was in Physics in 2001, for the Bose-Einstein Bose himself has never won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution to the progress of the theory of Stein condensation. He was versatile can speak multiple languages, and can also play the Esraj (Esraj, an instrument similar to the violin).
Renowned physicist Jayant Narlikar writes in his book “The Edge of Science”: “S.N. Bose’s investigations in particle physics (c. 1922), which elucidate the behavior of the photon, and provided an opportunity to count microsystems obeying quantum rules, it is one of the top ten scientific contributions of India in the 20th century, and it is a study that can be regarded as the series of Nobel Prizes.”
Bose was elected in 1944 as Chairman of the Indian Science Congress and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1958.
Read also ”World’s Top 10 Football Players of All Time”
6. Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei, 1564-1642, Italian astronomer, physicist, and engineer, founder of modern natural science in Europe. He is known as the “father of observational astronomy”, “father of modern physics”, “science “Father of Method”, and “Father of Modern Science“.
Galileo studied velocity and acceleration, gravity and free fall, relativity, inertia, and the principles of projectile motion, and engaged in applied science and technology research. He described the nature of pendulums and “hydrostatic balance”, invented thermometers and various military compasses, and Use telescopes for celestial science observations.
His contributions to observational astronomy include the confirmation of the phases of Venus using telescopes, the discovery of the four largest moons of Jupiter, the observation of Saturn’s rings, and the analysis of sunspots.
5. Michael Faraday
Michael Faraday (September 22, 1791 – August 25, 1867) was a British physicist, chemist, and famous self-taught scientist. He was born in a poor blacksmith family in Newington, Surrey, he only attended primary school.
In 1831, he made a pivotal breakthrough in the electric field that changed civilization forever. Michael Faraday was a student and assistant of David, a famous British chemist. His discoveries laid the foundation of electromagnetism and were Maxwell’s forerunner.
On October 17, 1831, Faraday discovered the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction for the first time and made great contributions to electromagnetism. He is known as the “Father of Electricity“
4. Thomas Edison
Edison is a world-famous American electrician and inventor. In addition to his inventions and contributions in electric light, phonograph, the telephone, the telegraph, and film, he also has many famous creations and insights into mining, construction, and chemical industries.
Edison had a total of about 2,000 inventions in his life and made great contributions to human civilization and progress. While inventing the phonograph, Edison finally made a breakthrough in the research of electric lights after numerous failures. On October 22, 1879, Edison ignited the first electric light that really had extensive practical value.
In order to prolong the life of the filament, he tried again and tried more than 6,000 kinds of fiber materials before finding a new luminous body – Japanese bamboo silk, which can last for more than 1,000 hours and achieve the purpose of durability. In a way, this invention was the culmination of Edison’s life.
Read also ”Top 10 Criminals in The World History Ever”
3. Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein (Albert Einstein, March 14, 1879 – April 18, 1955), a Jew, was a famous theoretical physicist, thinker, and philosopher in the 20th century, and the founder of the theory of relativity. Modern physics and one of the most important scientists of the twentieth century.
Einstein’s greatest contribution to astronomy is his cosmological theory. He founded relativistic cosmology, established a self-consistent dynamic universe model that is statically finite and boundless, and introduced new concepts such as cosmological principles and curved space, which greatly promoted the development of modern astronomy.
In the first half of the 20th century, Einstein was one of the creators of quantum mechanics, but he was dissatisfied with the subsequent development of quantum mechanics, that is, the Copenhagen interpretation headed by Bohr.
A pacifist, Einstein was widely respected for his affability, humility, and maverick at the same time. He sometimes tells jokes and enjoys sailing and playing the violin. He was also an absent-minded professor, often forgetting things, concentrating on thinking about physics problems, and ignoring the world around him. He is also a vegetarian. He once said: “I think the attitude of vegetarians comes from a very simple physiological balance, so it is beneficial to the ideal of human beings.”
2. Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton (Sir Isaac Newton FRS, January 4, 1643 – March 31, 1727), a physicist, mathematician, scientist, and philosopher, was also an enthusiast of alchemy in Britain at the time. His law of gravitation and Newton’s laws of motion in his “Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica” published on July 5, 1687, are the cornerstones of classical mechanics.
Newton and Leibniz also independently invented calculus. He left a total of more than 500,000 words of alchemical manuscripts and more than 1 million words of theological manuscripts.
Newton’s method, also known as the Newton-Raphson method, is a method for approximately solving equations in real and complex domains. the method uses the first few terms of the Taylor series of the function f(x) to find the roots of equation f(x) = 0.
Based on Galileo’s concept of inertia and the law of falling motion, Newton developed three of Newton’s laws of motion, which are known as the foundation of classical physics.
1. Nikola Tesla
Nikola Tesla (Nikola Tesla, 1856-1943), born in Croatia on July 10, 1856, is a world-renowned inventor, physicist, mechanical engineer, and electrical engineer. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, he made outstanding contributions to electricity and magnetism. He is one of the best of the world’s top scientists.
The achievement is that in 1882, shortly after Edison invented direct current (DC), he invented alternating current (AC), manufactured the world’s first alternator, and created multi-phase power transmission technology. He was a peerless genius and a great man forgotten by the world. He invented the alternator.
He Died of heart failure alone in a New York hotel on the evening of January 7, 1943, at the age of 86. His patents and theoretical work based on modern alternating current power systems, including polyphase power distribution systems and alternating current generators, helped He bring up the second industrial revolution.
Read also “The Top 10 Dancers in The World of All Time”